A fter wwii ended in 1945, victorious russian and american intelligence teams began a treasure hunt throughout occupied germany for military and scientific booty. Gehlen had begun planning his surrender to the united. As the war drew to a close, gehlen surmised that the u. Cia was formed by absorbing in secret almost the entire. Here is the ultimate inside history of twentiethcentury intelligence gathering and covert activity. Gehlens work in this position eventually incurred the wrath of hitler, who rejected gehlens pessimistic reports about the strength and capabilities of the soviet army. Originally published by hodder and staughton, but then by corgi. Volume 3 table of contents office of the director of national. During world war ii, gehlen oversaw all german militaryintelligence operations in eastern europe and the ussr. Major general reinhard gehlen headed the foreign armies east section of the abwehr, directed towards the soviet union. Prouty website this is a story of how key nazis, even as the wehrmacht was still on the offensive, anticipated military disaster and laid plans to transplant nazism, intact but disguised, in havens in the west. The truth about general gehlen and his spy ring as want to read.
But they were also hunting down the most precious spoils of all. One thing, chief, the authors wouldnt last a week in our. He knew that the fho had some of the most important files in. This vintage edition was published by random house in 1971, in plain cold war era, contains 400 pages of well researched information from files and interviews with personnel about general reinhard gehlen who spied the east armies during ii world war and later worked with main intelligence services from the west during the cold war, in sum 35. Fremde heere ostforeign armies east, the intelligence section of the german general staff. In the service, reinhard gehlen gives an account of his role in the nascent intelligence service first of alliedoccupied west germany, then of the bundesrepublik deutschland. Wi roo, our man in pullach the services the idebniza of general labisani odkra translated by dread irving. When the jioa formed to investigate the backgrounds of the former dossiers on the nazis, the nazi intelligence leader reinhard gehlen met with the cia director allen dulles. Nazi connection to jfk assassination by mae brussell on col. Cia files relating to heinz felfe, ss officer and kgb spy norman j. Kennedy was the first american president born in the twentieth century and was one of the besteducated, having graduated from harvard cum laude. Not only the father of our country, washington proved to be the father of our countrys spy system washington deployed numerous spies throughout the colonies during the war, valuing the information that they could provide him he oversaw the vast network that was created, thus. As we shall see, gehlen and his foreign armies east organization did participate in planning or carrying out nazi enterprises involving or resulting in atrocities or war crimes.
After college, gehlen was promoted to captain and assigned to the german general staff. He mentions having read an advance of gehlens book, but felt it sparse of detail. Arnold gehlen 1904 1976 is known as a cofou nder of philosophical anthropology and was one of the germany s leading post war sociologis ts. Pried loose by congress, which passed the nazi war crimes disclosure act three years ago, a longhidden trove of onceclassified cia documents confirms one of the worstkept secrets of the cold warthe cias use of an extensive nazi spy network to wage a. Known as the name files, this particular batch identified 110 such nazi recruits. Histories from the nro and the central intelligence agency cia cover all. After defeating the third reich, the western allies and the soviet bloc began their own intelligence war. During the emerging phases of the cold war, he was recruited by the united states military to set up a spy ring directed against the soviet union known. Gehlen, of course, was a major general in nazi germanys fremde heere ost, the military intelligence organization tasked with gathering intelligence on the soviet union during world war ii. The service began as the abteilung fremde heere ost, an organization that would later become the bundesnachrichtendienst. May 01, 2001 the key figure on the german side of the cianazi tryst was general reinhard gehlen, who had served as adolf hitlers top antisoviet spy. They were looking for things like new rocket and aircraft designs, medicines, and electronics. Oct 25, 2019 gehlen spy of the century pdf the contracting parties may agree that days i.
Reinhard gehlen movers and shakers of the sovereign. Reinhard gehlenapril 3, 1902 june 8, 1979 was a generalmajor majorgeneral in the german army wehrmacht heer during world war ii. General patton was dreaming of rearming a couple of waffen ss divisions to incorporate them into his us third army and lead them against the. Central intelligence agency testimony on domestic spying 94. Finally, it was dulles who eventually enabled gehlen to become head of the federal german intelligence service in 1956, which for several years was to provide seventy per cent of the intelligence required by natos military committee and its standing group. Pattons pronazi attitude and subsequent demise in gehlen. His organization, the gehlen org, quickly regained control of the majority of his former agents inside the iron curtain, and with the help of many of his former staff, put them back to work. Moreover, gehlen brought numerous ss and gestapo figures into the gehlen org, as his part of the us intelligence apparatus was known. Continuing the example, the parties may also have filled in days notice period and 30 days delivery periodrespectively, in the next line of the notification schedule in box standard time sheet short form. The author had a british intelligence post in ww ii, worked as a political journalist after. A controversial liaison relationship american intelligence. Gehlen organization turned over to west germany as bnd. Gehlen was a master spy for the nazis and had infiltrated russia with his vast nazi intelligence networks.
The book that first made him a public figure was the best seller why england slept, a treatise on prewar britishgerman diplomacy. Histories from the nro and the central intelligence agency cia cover all aspects of corona. Mar 10, 2017 part of our comprehensive series on the national reconnaissance office nro and its spy satellite network, this volume covers the historic corona spy satellite program, called americas first satellite program. This quantity files the court cases of the eleventh convention held in marseilles, france. Goda ohio university heinz felfe was an officer in hitlers ss who after world war ii became a kgb penetration agent, infiltrating west german intelligence for an entire decade. It gives a full account of gehlen life story etc and his role as head of intelligence against the soviet union. Gehlen s work in this position eventually incurred the wrath of hitler, who rejected gehlen s pessimistic reports about the strength and capabilities of the soviet army. Part of our comprehensive series on the national reconnaissance office nro and its spy satellite network, this volume covers the historic corona spy satellite program, called americas first satellite program. He was chief of the wehrmacht foreign armies east military intelligence service on the eastern front during world war ii, spymaster of the ciaaffiliated anticommunist gehlen organisation 194656 and the founding president of the federal intelligence service bundesnachrichtendienst. The gehlen organization or gehlen org was an intelligence agency established in june 1946. Gehlen, of course, was a major general in nazi germanys fremde heere ost, the military. Cutter the germanamerican super spy master of the 20th century fig. Reinhard gehlen 19021979 was born in erfurt to a catholic family, the son of an owner of a bookstore, who joined the reichswehr in 1920 and entered the german general.
Spy of the century an expose of the cias recruitment of highlevel nazi espionage agents. Reinhard gehlen 3 april 1902 8 june 1979 was a german lieutenantgeneral and intelligence officer. He was arrested by the west german authorities in 1961 and tried in 1963 whereupon the broad. Unrivalled in its scope and as readable as any spy novel, a century of spies travels from tsarist russia and the earliest days of the british secret service to the crises and uncertainties of todays postcold war world, offering an unsurpassed overview of the role of modern intelligence in. Trial of 3 as soviet spies opens in west germany pdf. Bolted lock, stock, and barrel into the cia, gehlens naziinfested spy apparatus. Reinhard gehlen 3 april 1902 8 june 1979 was a german lieutenantgeneral and. Gehlen was a master spy for the nazis and had infiltrated russia with his vast nazi intelligence network. Starting in 1942 he served as chief of fremde heere ost fho, the german armys military intelligence unit on the eastern front. Dulles promised gehlen that his intelligence unit was safe in the cia. The truth about general gehlen and his spy ring by heine. He was subsequently recruited by the united states military to set up a spy ring directed against the soviet union.
General gehlen, a german officer since 1920, wartime head of f. Clydevm marked it as toread aug 07, gehlen was the first president of the federal intelligence service of west germany from to thanks for telling us about the problem. A shrewd survivor, gehlen had buried his organizations plenary files on the ussr in the austrian alps as soon as nazi germanys collapse became imminent. Reinhard gehlen 3 april 1902 8 june 1979 was a major general in the german wehrmacht during world war ii. The official cia history of the tunnel prepared in august 1967 and declassified in february 2007 theorizes that the amount of publicity given to the berlin tunnel was the result of chance rather than of a conscious decision. Gehlen held the position of chief of intelligencegathering on the eastern front. At fort hunt near washington, were an nco butler and several whitejacketed orderlies catered to his needs, gehlen conferred with president trumans national security advisor, a gaggle of. He mentions having read an advance of gehlen s book, but felt it sparse of detail. The key figure on the german side of the cianazi tryst was general reinhard gehlen, who had served as adolf hitlers top antisoviet spy. Newly declassified files confirm united states collaboration with nazis. Gehlen probably was the spy of the century, but his rightist proclivities and rigid anticommunism probably contributed to prolonging the most dangerous period of the cold war and may have slowed the evolu tionary political process in. This vintage edition was published by random house in 1971, in plain cold war era, contains 400 pages of well researched information from files and interviews.1458 1065 824 449 303 518 150 1162 117 97 197 699 1477 838 973 739 924 1075 441 1152 1129 1525 394 295 350 1451 737 1162 131 438 880 554 931 927 158 1340 366 619 1083 508 318 1340 1367 36 183 141 533 1494 1242 1002 1359