The nymph thoosa bore him, daughter of phorcys who rules the barren sea. Odysseus, the reader is told, is the only greek survivor of the trojan war who. Odysseus, telemachus, penelope, athena, poseidon, zeus, antinous, eurymachus, amphinomus, eumaeus, eurycleia, melanthius, melantho, calypso, polyphemus, circe, laertes, tiresias, nestor, menelaus, helen, agamemnon, nausicaa, alcinous, arete. Book 1 learn with flashcards, games, and more for free.
Ones reputation is determined by how others view him, assessing his character, values, and behavior according to the prevailing social standards and mores. Start studying characters for the odyssey books 112. Many the men whose cities he saw, whose ways he learned. Book 1 introduces some of the multitudes of characters, many interwoven plots, and significant themes encountered during odysseuss return home. It also describes the insolence of the young nobles in ithaca led by antinous and eurymachus who, in the absence of odysseus, live off his wealth and woo his wife, penelope.
The basic form of narrative in the odyssey is very strongly oriented towards imagery. There are many of these same archetypes found in the odyssey. Odysseus the central figure in the epic, he employs guile as well as courage to return to ithaca, defeat the suitors, and resume his proper place as king penelope wife of odysseus and mother of their son, telemachus, she is shrewd and faithful in fending off the suitors telemachus son of odysseus and penelope, the prince struggles to gain his own maturity. Here is this stranger, i do not know who he is, come wandering suppliant here to my house from the eastern or western people. The singer begins this epic song with an invocation to the muses referring to odysseus long journey home and introducing the main themes of the text. In the english language, as well as many others, the word odyssey has come to refer to an epic voyage. In book 1 of the odyssey, the narrator begins by asking the muse to help him tell the story of odysseus, the only greek hero who has not returned home, or died on the way, after war in troy. English odyssey final test characters theory of knowledge the odyssey characters. The first four books deal primarily with telemachus, odysseuss son. He is about to succeed on his fourth try when odysseus privately signals him to back off.
The epic poem opens with a traditional invocation of the muse, in which the author calls upon the muse to guide his writing and help him to tell the story well. An epic is a very long, narrative poem that usually tells of a heros deeds. See a complete list of the characters in the odyssey and indepth analyses of odysseus, telemachus, penelope, athena, calypso, and circe. One of the cyclopes uncivilized oneeyed giants whose island odysseus comes to. Let hermes messenger of the gods give odysseus the good news. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. Character list human beings and one faithful dog odysseus the central figure in the epic, he employs guile as well as courage to return to ithaca, defeat the suitors, and resume his proper place as king. This one here is called little aias, and the other is called big aias, or telamonian aias his dad was a dude name telamon.
He tells the legendary tale of the shroud that penelope wove for the eventual funeral of odysseus father, laertes, the former king now living on a farm where he grieves his sons absence. Although the trojan war as a whole figures prominently in the work, this larger conflict ultimately provides the text with background rather than subject matter. As he begins his narrative, he relates that the cyclopes are a lawless people, which should. However, tiresias reports, the greeks can get home alive if they use proper judgment and control. Men have a very superior role they demand everything and what says goes. About the odyssey book 1 this text is taken from the translation by samuel butler, first published in 1900.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. An amazing adaptation of the odyssey which shows odysseus magical voyage and his murderous revenge. Heres where youll find analysis about the book as a whole, from the major themes and ideas to analysis of style, tone, point of view, and more. Homer uses the epics opening to introduce the plot, the theme, and the characters of the work. Characters in the odyssey learn with flashcards, games, and more for free. Homers epic poem the odyssey tells the story of odysseus, greek hero of the trojan war, and his adventures at sea during his travel home. The odyssey has many different archetypes that are still relevant in literature, film art, and theater. Powell reads book 1, lines 1105, from the original ancient greek language version of the odyssey by homer. This poem includes the phaeacian episode, and the account of ulysses adventures as told by himself in books ix. The iliad is an ancient greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to homer. The notion of hospitality is so strong in the world of the odyssey that guests can even be considered part of ones family. Summary and analysis book 1 athena inspires the prince. The odyssey characters book 110 flashcards quizlet.
Viewers meet zeus, poseidon, and athena among others. Seven of the characters in homers the odyssey are introduced in this very basic presentation. Study english odyssey book 14 flashcards at proprofs english 9 odyssey. Penelope wife of odysseus and mother of their son, telemachus, she is shrewd and faithful in fending off the suitors.
The epic focuses, of course, on odysseuss nostos return home or homeward voyage, a journey whose details a greek audience would already know because of their rich oral mythic tradition. Terms in this set 48 athena is the goddess of wisdom. Some of the archetypes include the trickster, the mentor, the temptress and the underworld archetype. Eurycleia faithful old nurse to odysseus as well as telemachus, she identifies her master when she recognizes an old scar on his leg. Students will read the first half of book one of the odyssey pages 7886 and will analyze the main characters responses to conflict. Readers hear of the captive and long absent odysseus, observe the council of the gods, and learn of the trouble that. Characters in the odyssey book 1 presentation for 7th. Like other ancient epic poems, the iliad presents its subject clearly from the outset. For sport, telemachus attempts to string the bow and fails three times. The odyssey books 14 summary and analysis gradesaver.
Specifically, the iliad concerns itself with the rage of achilleshow it begins, how it cripples the achaean army, and how it finally becomes redirected toward the trojans. Odysseus is described as behaving with very specific manners toward the other characters. Ulysses is the latinised name of odysseus, the hero of homers epic poem the odyssey, and the novel establishes a series of parallels between the poem and the novel, with structural correspondences between the characters and experiences of bloom and odysseus, molly bloom and penelope, and stephen dedalus and telemachus, in addition to events. Readers hear of the captive and long absent odysseus, observe the council of the gods, and learn of the trouble that penelope and telemachus face back home in ithaca. Wellman greens farms academy learn with flashcards, games, and more for free. Odysseus is the husband of queen penelope and the father of prince telemachus. Character map and answer key, study guide and answer key, a heros journey visual, chart, and answer key, map of odysseus voyage, greek mythology chart and answer key.
Book i athena inspires the prince sing to me of the man, muse, the man of twists and turns driven time and again off course, once he had plundered the hallowed heights of troy. English odyssey characters books 16 flashcards quizlet. The trojan war is over, but odysseus still has not made his way home. The poet invokes the muse to help him tell the story of odysseus.
Powell is hallsbascom professor of classics emeritus at the university of wisconsin, madison and author of a new verse translation of the odyssey. Consider a representative example, from when odysseus praises alcinous bard. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Books 12 the odyssey is an epic journey, but the word journey must be broadly understood. Odysseus fought among the other greek heroes at troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in ithaca. This characters in the odyssey book 1 presentation is suitable for 7th 12th grade. She sees the greedy suitors playing with dice while their servants butcher. Ithaca thrinacia scylla and charybdis sparta ogygia calypso mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mention book 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsqthe sun god, oneeyed giants. Briefly, the odyssey consists of two distinct poems.
Originally composed in the ionic greek dialect in dactylic hexameter most english. He gains fame through his intellect and cunning, using both to help the greek army destroy troy. In the world of odysseus, ones most treasured possession is his good reputation. It gives an overview of some of the major characters in the odyssey. Homer, odyssey book 1 theoi classical texts library. This part of his character can serve as an exemplar for students in any literary setting. When zozimos is banished by an evil witch his stepmother. Match the following characters to the correct description. The odyssey books 14 characters flashcards quizlet. Ithaca thrinacia scylla and charybdis sparta ogygia calypso mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mentionbook 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsqthe sun god, oneeyed giants. The odyssey is a greek epic written sometime in the late 8th century b. Penelope announces the contest and retrieves odysseus great backsprung bow from a secret storeroom deep in the palace.
A dark billionaire mafia romance dark odyssey book 1 kindle edition by summers, faith, gray, khardine. Insolently, antinous, the leading suitor, denies responsibility and puts the blame on that queen of cunning, penelope 2. Many the sorrows he suffered at sea, while trying to bring himself and his friends back alive. For example, odysseus fits the archetype of the hero. Tiresias observes that one of the gods, the earth shaker poseidon, is angry with odysseus for blinding his son polyphemus, the cyclops and will cause odysseus and his men many problems. Odysseus is a combination of the selfmade, selfassured man and the. The lotus eaters fit the archetype of the evil figure with ultimately good heart. The odyssey is one of two major ancient greek epic poems attributed to homer. Tell me, o muse, of that ingenious hero who travelled far and wide after he had sacked the famous town of troy. About the odyssey the odyssey summary character list glossary themes quotes and analysis books 1 4 books 58 books 912 books 16 books 1720 books 2124 symbols, allegory and motifs metaphors and similes irony imagery the fractal structure of epics literary elements related links essay questions quiz 1 quiz 2 quiz 3 quiz 4 citations. The odyssey is a fundamental work in the modern western canon, being the oldest extant piece of western literature, second to the iliad. Archetypes in the odyssey king alcinous what is an archetype.
List of characters in the odyssey with description and. This lesson will summarize book 1 of homers ancient epic poem the odyssey and take a look at some important quotes. Characters for the odyssey books 112 flashcards quizlet. The book is full of colourful and interesting drawings which very much suit the story and setting of the book. So poseidon isnt around on mount olympos presumably because hes busy getting sweet revenge, while the other gods discuss the fact that this one guy orestes murdered this other guy aigisthos. It is poseidon, the earthbearer, who is always filled with implacable anger against him, because of godlike polyphemus, the strongest cyclops of all, whom odysseus blinded. A recently revised version of this translation is available new from click on image right for details. What cultural values are shown by what he says and does. The odyssey reading literature guide and greek mythology.
Tell me, muse, of that man of many resources, who wandered far and wide, after sacking the holy citadel of troy. By tashay wright what roles do men play have in the odyssey. Book 1 the first book informs the reader of the imprisonment of odysseus on calypsos island, ogygia, in the tenth year after the trojan war. This video provides an indepth summary and analysis of the plot, characters and themes of book 1 of homers epic poem the odyssey. Students will read the last half of book one of the odyssey pages 7886 and. Download the free study guide and infographic for homers epic poem the odyssey here. Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds, many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea. This book is an easy and enjoyable read,a must have for anyone interested in classics and for anyone who wants a brief and clear summary. Eumaeus and philoetius odysseus loyal swineherd and cowherd, they assist him in his return to ithaca and stand with the king and prince against the suitors. The odyssey character map teaching literature, literature teacher. Zachary mason s the lost books of the odyssey 2007 is a series of short stories that rework homers original plot in a contemporary style reminiscent of italo calvino.
Holt literature textbook 9th grade unit 11 the odyssey. Every book on your english syllabus summed up in a quote from the office. Summary and analysis book 21 odysseus strings his bow. King of ithacaodysseus displays the essential traits of an epic hero. In book 9 of homers odyssey, the title character tells about his adventures in the land of the cyclopes. Odysseus telling stories, some of which are his famous adventures only very briefly told, others are simply long fibs to hide his identity 3. Many cities did he visit, and many were the nations with whose manners and customs he was acquainted. Character list cliffsnotes study guides book summaries.
The odyssey book one handout completed learnzillion. The odyssey book 9 archetypes by sophia gonzalez on prezi. It is, in part, a sequel to the iliad, the other homeric epic. The odyssey by homer book 1 summary and analysis youtube. Athena, taking the guise of odysseuss friend mentor, serves as telemachuss righthand man, inspiring him to stand up to the suitors and also to take control of his situation and find out. Odysseus languishes on the remote island ogygia with the goddess calypso, who has fallen in love with. Nina carlsonheros journey clay project the odyssey, book 9 episode 1 english literature, classic literature, data sheets. Indeed, the poem names its focus in its opening word. The odyssey tells the story of a man trying to return home to his family after the battle of troy. Description of role they play in the plotodysseuss journey. Since 1950, there have been several english translations.863 1433 405 1519 578 990 506 794 176 655 705 1495 163 1561 354 199 593 1193 534 1525 1078 638 911 32 1086 1435 110 135 242 1423 1406 1543 47 87 261 264 286 931 485 1120 1461 1479 438 940 648